Remarkable Ohio

Serpent Mound Marker
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7-65 Cornstalk Town

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Side A: Grenadier Squaw Village. The Grenadier Squaw Village was located between this area and Scippo Creek, upon the Pickaway Plains, the primary Shawnee settlement in Ohio. Non-hel-e-ma, born circa 1722, was the sister of the Shawnee Cornstalk and Silver Heels. Known as Grenadier Squaw because of her imposing stature, she spoke four languages, serving as peacemaker and interpreter. After the peace treaty with Lord Dunmore in 1774, and in spite of Cornstalk's murder, she remained allied with the Americans. On October 1, 1978, Non-hel-e-ma was honored with a marker in Logan Elm Park near to those for Chief Cornstalk and Chief Logan. The "Burning Ground," used as a site to burn captured prisoners at the stake, was located on the elevated hill just south of Grenadier Squaw's Village. The Council House was located slightly to the northwest. Side B: Cornstalk Town. Cornstalk's Town was located on the north bank of Scippo Creek, directly north of here. Cornstalk (Keigh-tugh-qua) had a commanding appearance and was known for his intellect and oration skills. As chief, Cornstalk led the Shawnees during Dunmore's War (a conflict stemming from land claims in Kentucky) at the Battle of Point Pleasant, Virginia, on October 10, 1774. The Shawnee retreated and, to avoid destruction of their villages on the Pickaway Plains, agreed to peace terms set by the Treaty of Camp Charlotte. While Cornstalk abided by the treaty, some Shawnee continued to attack white settlements. In 1777, Cornstalk traveled to the American post of Fort Randolph (Point Pleasant) to discuss the arising alliance between these Shawnee and the British and the threat to settlements in Virginia and Kentucky. As retaliation for a murder by an Indian raiding party, Chief Cornstalk and his son, Ellinipsico, were killed while at Fort Randolph.