Remarkable Ohio

Serpent Mound Marker

Home / Athens County / 6-5 The Hocking Valley Coal Strike, 1884-5 [8]

  • 6-5 The Marker on the Square in Nelsonville 6-5 The Marker on the Square in Nelsonville
  • 6-5 The buildings surrounding the Square have been restored, and is called The Arts District 6-5 The buildings surrounding the Square have been restored, and is called The Arts District
  • 6-5 The Hocking Valley Coal Strike (Side A) 6-5 The Hocking Valley Coal Strike (Side A)
  • 6-5 The Hocking Valley Coal Strike (Side B) 6-5 The Hocking Valley Coal Strike (Side B)
  • 6-5 The Hocking Valley Coal Strike 6-5 The Hocking Valley Coal Strike
  • 6-5 Athens Coal Mines 6-5 Athens Coal Mines
  • 6-5 Athens Coal Mines 6-5 Athens Coal Mines
  • 6-5 Athens Coal Mines 6-5 Athens Coal Mines
Title, side A
The Hocking Valley Coal Strike, 1884-5
Text, side A
Following a wage reduction from 70 to 60 cents per ton after many Hocking Valley coal mines consolidated in 1883, the Ohio Miners' Amalgamated Association struck on June 23, 1884. The operators responded by offering an even smaller tonnage rate and a requirement for returning miners to sign no-strike contracts. The strike idled three thousand miners in 46 mines at Nelsonville, Murray City, New Straitsville, Carbon Hill, Buchtel, Longstreth, and Shawnee. (Continued on other side)
Text, side B
(Continued from other side) Syndicate mines precipitated violence by importing hundreds of immigrant strikebreakers and employing dozens of Pinkerton detectives as mine guards. A mine fire set at Syndicate #5 in New Straitsville still burned more than one hundred years later. Although the strike ended in March 1885 with no victory for the miners, the Ohio Legislature ended the operators' practice of requiring miners to trade exclusively in company stores. Strike leader Chris Evans later became secretary of the American Federation of Labor and was a founder of the United Mine Workers of America.
Address
Near intersection of E. Washington St. and Public Square
Nelsonville, OH 45764
Location
Public Square, Nelsonville
Coordinates
Latitude: 39.460760, Longitude: -82.232170.
Google map: